802.02 AGE CRITERIA
The employment of all persons under the age of eighteen (18) years shall be in compliance with the regulations of the U. S. Department of Labor and with applicable State law.
Background: The State of Georgia prohibits employers from employing children under the age of sixteen (16) years in any occupation that has been designated as hazardous, or that has a hostile or offensive environment. As an example, no child under the age of 16 may be employed to work at, in the vicinity of, or assist in the operation of, hazardous machinery. This prohibition would apply to motor vehicles, portable tools, or fixtures such as open boilers or fryers. Such individuals may not work in toxic or dangerous vicinities, including construction sites and warehouses.
Children who are age twelve (12) years and younger may not generally be employed at any time. No minor under the age of sixteen (16) years may work between the hours of 9:00 PM and 6:00 AM. No minor under the age of 16 years may work during the hours in which schools are in session, unless the minor has completed senior high school work, or has been excused by a local school system’s Board of Education. No minor under the age of 16 years may work more than 4 hours on a designated school day; more that 8 hours on days other than designated school days; or no more than 40 hours during a week.
No minor between the ages of 12 and 16 may work without a certificate issued by the school superintendent, or authorized designee, in the county or city in which the minor resides. The certificate must identify the actual age of the minor and must indicate that the minor is physically capable to be employed. An employment certificate is, also, required for the employment of minors, aged 16-18, that wish to qualify for employment and work between the hours of 9:00 PM and 6:00 AM.
The superintendent of schools, or his/her designee, will issue an identification card to a minor certifying that the minor is eligible for employment. Upon termination of employment of any minor between the ages of 12 and 16, the employer must return the employment certificate to the issuing school officer. This must be done within 5 days of the date of termination. Work certificates and records of hours worked by a minor must be available for inspection at the location where the minor performs his/her work assignments.